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The Leader in Small Groups on the Road Less Traveled
Never more than 10-16 travelers—guaranteed!

2017 Southern Peru & Bolivia: Inca Landscapes & Lake Titicaca

Peru: Lima, Arequipa, Puno • Bolivia: Copacabana, Lake Titicaca, La Paz, Uyuni

82% Traveler Excellence Rating Read reviews

Sold out in 2017 , Join us in 2018

Courtesy David Karg

Feel the pulse of contemporary Peru in this colorful film portrait.

Courtesy of Paul Villanova

Gain a unique perspective on the people, places, and wildlife that make Peru and the Galapagos Islands unique.

Courtesy David Conover
The Shamans of Peru

Meet Peru’s shamans and learn how they dedicate their lives to ancient rituals in an increasingly modern world.

Courtesy of CNN
Meet the Chef taking Peruvian to New Heights

Meet the chef who is exploring the ancient recipes of the Incas and encorporating them into modern Peruvian cooking.

Courtesy of Penn Museum
Travelogue: Lima, Peru 1950

Journey back in time to Lima, Peru in 1950, where the spirit—and costumes—of the Quechua people remain unchanged today.

Sold out in 2017 , Join us in 2018
Extend Your Trip

NEW: Stay 2 nights in Uyuni
at a hotel made of salt
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Find the Adventure That’s Right for You

Our Activity Level rating system ranks adventures on a scale of 1 to 5 to help you determine if a trip is right for you. See the descriptions below for more information about the physical requirements associated with each rating.

Activity Level 1:

1 2 3 4 5


Travelers should be able to climb 25 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 1-2 miles over some uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last at least 1-2 hours at a time. Altitude can range from zero to 5,000 feet.

Activity Level 2:

1 2 3 4 5

Moderately Easy

Travelers should be able to climb 40 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 2-3 miles over some uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for at least 2-3 hours at a time. Altitude can range from zero to 5,000 feet.

Activity Level 3:

1 2 3 4 5


Travelers should be able to climb 60 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 3 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 3 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 5,000 to 7,000 feet.

Activity Level 4:

1 2 3 4 5

Moderately Strenuous

Travelers should be able to climb 80 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 4 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 4 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 7,000 to 9,000 feet.

Activity Level 5:

1 2 3 4 5


Travelers should be able to climb 100 or more stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 8 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 4 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 10,000 feet or more.

Itinerary Overview

Small Groups: Never more than 10-16 travelers—guaranteed!

Sweeping across southern Peru and western Bolivia, the Andean plateau is a landscape of stunning vistas, a place where ancient societies thrived in the shadow of volcanoes and on the shore of the world’s highest navigable lake. From colonial-era cobblestone streets to plunging canyons where condors fly, you’ll experience the history and beauty of southernmost Peru, then uncover centuries of culture in Bolivia, as you stroll traditional markets and explore pre-Incan ruins at Tiwanaku. Witnessing weavers at work, visiting islanders on Lake Titicaca, and meeting Peruvian farmers along the way, you’ll discover the spirit of the region up close on this inspiring adventure.

Make It Your Adventure

Personalize your trip to meet your individual needs, from preferred flights and air routing, to “breaking away” to spend more time in a destination.

  • Did you know that you have control over the way you want to fly with us? O.A.T’s team of Adventure Specialists makes every effort to provide you with non-stop flights and acceptable connection times to and from your destination. You also have several other ways you can personalize your air itinerary, which include:

    • Choose your departure city and airline: We list the most popular gateway cities on our website, but not all of them. If you don’t see yours listed, or there’s one that better suits your needs, let us know. You can also tell us if you have an airline preference and we will try to accommodation your request.
    • Depart from one city and return from another: Just because your flight leaves from one city doesn’t mean you have to return there. Maybe you flew out of Boston and wish to visit friends in Los Angeles after your trip is over. Tell us where you want to go and we’ll do our best to get you there.
    • Upgrade your seat: We’ll gladly arrange a flight upgrade to business or premium economy class if it’s available. 
    • Fly the way you want to: When you fly economy class, we’ll do our best to see that you get your choice of seating preference or even add a special meal request if you have dietary restrictions or needs.
  • You can extend your time abroad and "break away" anywhere you'd like to do more exploring on your own. You can arrive early in Lima for a fresh start before your adventure. Stay for a day, a week, or even a month in a favorite locale. Our Adventure Specialists can provide you with information on the accommodations we will use at the beginning of your trip so that you can make your own arrangements. That way, you'll know that you will be exactly where you need to be to meet your group.

  • Many of our travelers choose to take another trip directly after their first one ends. Think about it: If you’re already overseas, why not see more of the region and avoid the expense and length of another international flight? Many of our travelers have taken two or three consecutive trips before returning home. One of the most common adventures combined with Southern Peru & Bolivia: Inca Landscapes & Lake Titicaca is Real Affordable Peru. And now you’ll save an additional $250-$350 per person when you reserve two trips right after one another.

  • Many O.A.T. travelers simply don’t want their trips to end. With an array of pre- and post-trip extensions to choose from, you have the chance to experience more of the places you’ve traveled so far to see, including The Amazon Rain Forest of Peru and Coastal Peru: Paracas, Nazca & the Ballestas Islands. Plus, you lower your average per-day costs because you’re taking advantage of your already included international airfare.

Day-to-Day Itinerary

  • 6 nights from only $1345

    The Amazon River. The very name conjures images of tremendous biological diversity: tropical birds winging through the forest … bromeliads blooming on ancient trees … Yagua villagers gliding along in dugout canoes. We’ll navigate this region on foot and by boat, and discover its astonishing beauty and diversity up close.

    View Extension Itinerary
Lima La Paz Expand All
  • Today, you'll fly from the U.S. to Lima. An O.A.T. representative will meet you when you arrive to assist with your transfer to your hotel.

  • After breakfast, we meet our expert resident Trip Leader, who will give us a late-morning briefing. We will also be introduced to our fellow travelers—including those who took the Amazon Rain Forest of Peru pre-trip extension.

    You'll get lunch on your own, and then we explore Lima together. Founded by the conquistadors in 1535, Lima became Spain's largest and wealthiest city in the New World. The city has a proud history, including the founding of one of the first universities in South America, the Universidad de San Marcos, in the middle of the 16th century. Today, Lima's historic city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We begin with a guided visit to Lima's Larco Museum, which specializes in treasures from ancient Peru. The Larco is home to one of the world's most outstanding collections of pre-Columbian gold and silver, as well as a fascinating collection of erotic archaeological artifacts. Then, we explore Lima's Colonial streets and architecture, evidence of the city's Spanish heritage, including the iconic San Francisco Church. This evening, our small group gets better acquainted as we enjoy a Welcome Dinner together.

  • After breakfast, we transfer to the airport for our flight to Arequipa, where the elevation is 7,600 feet above sea level. When we arrive, we'll have lunch in the elegant Yanahuara neighborhood, where we'll savor examples of traditional dishes from the region. After lunch, we'll check into our hotel. Then our Trip Leader leads an informative orientation walk to familiarize us with our setting.

    Arequipa is a thriving metropolis where ancient and modern touches coalesce. Under El Misti Volcano's watchful eye, Peru's second-largest city is also the center of legal affairs. Much of Arequipa is built using the pale volcanic stones sillar and ashlar, which gives Arequipa the nickname “the White City.” Dinner is on your own this evening. The food of Arequipa is considered by many to be the best in Peru. Perhaps you'll try chicharron, deep fried pork, or rocoto relleno, stuffed chili peppers.

  • This morning, we enjoy a walking tour of Arequipa's historic center, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We begin at one of the world's most unique religious sites, the 15th-century Santa Catalina Monastery. We'll explore some of the countless halls and interior lanes of this 65,000-square-foot city within the city, where vivid paint brightens walls made of sillar and ashlar, the local volcanic stone. Spanish-Moorish architectural details like flowing fountains, orange trees, and arched colonnades make this a setting as romantic as it is meditative.

    Then we'll visit the Sanctuary Museum to learn about some Inca mummies that were discovered frozen high in the Andes in 1995. The best known is Juanita, nicknamed the Ice Maid of Ampato, believed to have been a teenager sacrificed by Inca priests. Her discovery electrified the scientific community and caught the attention of the world. In this tucked-away museum, her mummy is maintained in a state-of-the-art freezing chamber and scientific teams work on analyzing her DNA. Please note: Juanita is removed from public display between January and April for preservation and study, but other mummies from the site, and artifacts found with them such as cloth and footwear, can still be viewed here during those months.

    We'll stroll through the bustling San Camillo Market, a hub of local life in Arequipa, and on to the city's main square, the Plaza de Armas. We'll see La Compañía Church, whose elaborate stone carvings are fine examples of the architecural style known as La Escuela Arequipeña (Arequipa School)—a blend of indigenous Peruvian influences with Spanish and European models. After our tour, we'll have lunch at a local restaurant, then return to our hotel. The rest of your afternoon is free, and dinner is on your own this evening.

  • After breakfast this morning, we travel overland to Puno, pausing en route at farms where we may meet a trio of Peru's most beloved animals. Vicuña may only be shorn every three years but, as a result, yield the softest fibers—so prized that Incas declared only royalty could wear garments of this material. Unlike the vicuña, llamas were bred for the common man: strong enough to carry a load equal to 30% of their weight for miles and smart enough to be easily trained, they were perfect pack animals (and acceptable, if less ideal, as meat). Alpacas were bred specifically for their soft hair, which comes in 52 shades, yielding fiber valued around the world.  Though they are cousins to camels, their long, thick-growing hair makes them look more like sheepdogs by the time they are ready to shear.

    We'll enjoy a boxed lunch en route to Puno, established in the 17th century on the slender strip of land between the Andes and Lake Titicaca. The elevation in this area is 12,500 feet. For some Andeans, Puno is their only point of contact with the rest of Peru, as they prefer to maintain their distinct cultures. Puno makes a point of including the traditional arts of these peoples in the vibrant local music and dance programming, which has earned the city the name Capital Folklorica del Peru. We'll get a taste of the city's flavor during an afternoon at leisure here. We'll enjoy dinner together at our hotel this evening.

  • This morning, we head down to the Port of Puno to board a small boat for an excursion on Lake Titicaca to the Uros Islands. These 40 islands are man-made, fashioned by the Uru people from local tortora reeds, and anchored with ropes attached to stakes in the lake bottom. Each island floor is only six to eight feet thick, so that every step “squishes” a bit. The local people must constantly maintain not only the underlayer and anchor, but replenish the top layer, which means that they are constantly working on preserving the islands. Tortora reeds are also used to build houses and boats, and even eaten, with their roots considered medicinal.

    After this fascinating look into a truly unique way of life, we return to Puno and have an included lunch. In the afternoon, you can join our optional tour to the Sillustani Tombs, a pre-Incan archaeological site, or enjoy free time for exploring on your own. This evening, we enjoy dinner at a local restaurant.

  • This morning, we ride from Puno to Copamaya, and then experience A Day in the Life of the village of Iskapataza. This Altiplano community is known for its  textiles and agriculture. We'll visit a local school, and then the villagers will show us some traditional dancing and demonstrate their weaving techniques. We'll have the opportunity to speak with them about their crops, their  culture, and what daily life is like here. We'll also enjoy a meal of typical regional fare during a community lunch.

    In the afternoon, we cross the border into Bolivia and continue to Copacabana, located at an elevation of 12,600 feet. When we arrive, we settle into our hotel, where we enjoy dinner this evening. Copacabana is the largest Bolivian community on Lake Titicaca and the departure point for boat rides to Isla del Sol, an island in the lake where the Incas believed the universe began. The city is also home to the Basilica of Our Lady of Copacabana, one of Bolivia's best-known Catholic sanctuaries, which was built on the site of an earlier temple to an indigenous fertility goddess.

  • We board a boat this morning to see where it all began according to Bolivian lore. In their telling, Isla del Sol (the Island of the Sun) is where the creator of the universe rose up from the waters and threw the sun into the sky. We explore Isla del Sol's beauty by boat and on foot, going ashore on the southern part of the island to hike its dramatic contours, viewing the ruins of an Incan palace later used by Spanish priests as a retreat, and stopping at the Fountain of the Incas, which the local people still depend on, and which the first Spanish convinced themselves was the mythic Fountain of Youth.

    After lunch on the island, we return to Copacabana, which we explore on a guided walking tour. With whitewashed buildings and stone plazas, Copacabana reflects the Bolivian-Spanish tradition. Its gem is the gleaming Basilica of the Virgin of Copacabana, a 16th-century Spanish Colonial church that houses the dark gold-laminated wooden sculpture of the Virgin. Dressed in a blend of Inca robes and European-style finery, the Virgin is a subject of adoration with her own festival, during which an exact likeness is paraded through the streets because superstition dictates that if the real thing ever left the church, disaster would befall the entire nation. Discover the flavors of local cuisine of your choosing during dinner on your own this evening.

  • Today, we'll depart for La Paz, Bolivia's second-largest city and with the highest elevation in the country, at 12,000 feet. We'll begin our walking explorations of downtown La Paz on a guided tour, starting out with the neighborhood of El Prado Avenue and Murillo Plaza, home to the President of Bolivia. We'll learn more about the city's current status as the nation's de facto (but unofficial) capital, and get an introduction to its history as we stroll its streets. And we'll also take in some of the city's striking settings as we walk, catching glimpses of the surrounding Andes Mountains, including the three snowcapped peaks of towering Illimani, whose name comes from the indigenous Aymara people who lived here before the Incas, and whose descendants still dwell in Bolivia.

    Our group will then discover the National Museum of Ethnography and Folklore, where we'll learn about Bolivia's rich history and many cultures. After, we'll see some of the local mercados (markets), which are wonderful places to meet the people of La Paz—from well-dressed professionals to itinerant street vendors and Andean women in their traditional garments of brightly colored multi-layered skirts and bowler hats. In particular, we'll visit the Witches' Market, where indigenous people sell plants, potions, and talismans used in ancient Aymara curandero (healing) rituals, and yatiri (witch doctors) offer their fortune-telling services.

    Dinner this evening is at a local restaurant.

  • After breakfast, we'll drive to the site of Bolivia's most important archaeological site: Tiwanaku, a ceremonial location on the southern shore of Lake Titicaca used by a pre-Inca civilization reaching back to 600 BC. The people of this ancient city were excellent artisans and left behind a series of mysterious monoliths, as well as a pyramid, temple, and aqueducts. This was a well-planned city, seat of one of the Americas' most powerful and organized civilizations, and today it is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We'll explore the site's monumental ruins, then pause for an included lunch.

    In the afternoon, we continue our discoveries at the Pumapunku temple complex, the massive stone slabs of which provide a vantage point for looking out over the surrounding plains. We'll also stop at the site's Lytic Museum—which houses several large stone objects, including a monolith representing Pachamama, or Mother Earth. Later this afternoon, we return to La Paz. Dinner is on your own this evening.

  • Today we head north from La Paz to La Cumbre Pass, a 15,000-foot-high passage through the Andes, where we’ll pause to take in outstanding mountain vistas. Continuing northward from the pass, we travel along the dramatic North Yungas Road. As the road makes a winding descent of more than 10,000 feet, at points it is only a narrow shelf carved into cliffs. Historically, North Yungas was known as the “Death Road” from the days when it was the only route to the Bolivian Amazon from La Paz; today's travelers can safely marvel at its stunning views thanks to a newer alternate road.

    As we descend into a subtropical environment, we’ll stop to admire some of the many waterfalls that line the route, and to enjoy the views from the town of Yolosa at 4,500 feet. We continue to Coroico and have lunch at a local restaurant. Then we visit a coca farm in the area, where we’ll learn firsthand about the role the coca plant plays in Bolivian culture, with the chance to chew coca leaves as the locals do. Afterwards, we return to La Paz, where dinner is on your own this evening.

  • After breakfast this morning, we'll depart our hotel for our flight to Uyuni. Settled as a trading outpost in the late 19th century, the city of Uyuni remains a transportation hub for railroads, but is best known as the gateway to the Uyuni Salt Flats. Sprawling across more than 4,000 square miles, these are the world’s largest salt flats, and a critical breeding ground for South American flamingoes. After time to get settled in, we enjoy dinner together at our hotel. Then, we head out for to experience the Uyuni Salt Flats on a night tour.

  • After breakfast, we get a glimpse of ancient tradition as we visit the Viluyo Mummies. Then we learn about this fascinating region in depth at the Salt Flats Museum (Playa Blanca), before we get our first daylight perspective on the flats in a late-morning visit and lunch on-site. This afternoon we tour the Colchani Salt Factories, wrapping up in time to visit a salt mine for one last perspective on the flats, this time at sunset.

  • After breakfast, we'll fly from Uyuni back to La Paz for our final day. After landing, we stop for lunch in the South Valley of La Paz. After lunch, we'll visit the Valley of the Moon, a landscape of stone spires and unusual rock formations, then continue to La Paz and check in to our hotel. Tonight our group will enjoy a Farewell Dinner together.

    • Meals included:

    Very early this morning, transfer to the airport for your flight home. If you are taking the post-trip extension to Coastal Peru: Paracas, Nazca Lines & the Ballestas Islands, you will depart for Paracas later in the morning.

    Coastal Peru: Paracas, Nazca & the Ballestas Islands

    3 nights from only $1495

    Cradled between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Peru's Southern coast is a narrow strip of desert dotted with towering dunes and tropical-looking oases. Fishing villages and resort towns give way to the wildlife-dense Ballestas Islands and ancient pre-Inca cultures have left their literal mark on the region with the famed Nazca Lines. We'll explore the diversity of both the cultures and landscapes that makes coastal Peru unique.

    View Extension Itinerary

Click below to read our Travel Planning Guide on Southern Peru & Bolivia: Inca Landscapes & Lake Titicaca

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